Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based

SHARE:

Automatic water level controller circuit with dry run protection for sump and overhead tank using single npn transistor and ball type float switch.

   Author: Manikandan K J  Circuit Sponsor: kjmindia.in

Water level controller is necessary for many reasons. Water level can be monitored and controlled automatically without any human intervention. Thus, it saves water wastage, electricity and time. This can be used both in industries and houses. The circuit I am going to share in this post controls water level in the overhead tank or any tank. Can be used in tanks of any liquids (eg. oil) provided it should not be hot. The cost of making this circuit is very low and can be assembled on a general purpose board if you are using it for your personal use. For commercial purposes, you can buy one from here.

kjmindia Water Level Controller For Sump And OHT



Sump & OHT Water Level Controller board | KJMIndia.in


Working of the circuit:

This circuit is controlled by a single NPN transistor with the help of two cable float switches. It will constantly monitor both the levels of sump and overhead tank and protects the motor pump from dry run. The unregulated DC voltage from the transformer is regulated by the voltage regulator Ic. Choosing the best quality cable float switches is very important. Float switches consists of three terminals, but, here in this circuit, we are going to use only two terminals from both float switches. Black wire is labeled as C, blue wire is labeled as BLU and brown wire is labeled BRO. Overhead tank uses black and blue wire of the float switch and Sump uses black and brown wire of the float switch.Terminal blocks for input(INP) and output(OUT)  are optional because we can directly connect it to the terminals of the 40A relay.

Scenario 1:

When both tank and sump are empty,

Power LED and Yellow LED will be turned ON

Scenario 2:

When the tank is empty and sump is full,

Power LED and Motor on LED will be turned ON

Scenario 3:

When both the tank and sump are full,

Power LED and Full tank LED will be turned ON

Scenario 4:

When the tank is full and sump is empty,

Power LED , Full tank LED and Sump Dry LED will be turned ON


Over Head Tank Controller:

We can also use this circuit to control overhead tank alone by shorting the sump sensor connection.
In this case it will turn on the motor when the water level falls below the bottom and turns off automatically when the tank is full.

 

MCD Water Supply Controller

As MCD Water Supply Controller Circuit Board:
Municipal water supply controller circuit board.

Sump & OHT Cable Float Water Level Controller

 

-Cіtу Suррlу Line ореnѕ оnlу fоr 1 hour аnуtіmе during 6AM – 10AM оr rаrеlу ѕоmеtіmеѕ іn thе еvеnіng dереndіng on thе wаtеr guy.

– Wе nееd tо kеер a watch durіng these times аnd kеер thе main tар open tо ѕее if the wаtеr hаѕ соmе.

– Once thе water hаѕ come, wе hаvе tо turn оn thе wаtеr рumр аttасhеd to thе mаіn supply line tо рumр water іntо оur undеrgrоund water tank.

This рrосеѕѕ саn be automated bу uѕіng оur сіrсuіt board.
Apart frоm this bоаrd, we require thе fоllоwіng:
1)12V,500mA оr 1A transformer
2)Nоrmаllу closed vertical оr horizontal magnetic flоаt ѕwіtсh
3)SS flоw sensor(to bе fitted on thе іnlеt ріре)
4)Cаblе ( 2 соrе ). Lеngth as rеԛuіrеd

If the flow of water is intermittent in the initial stage, pump will start and stop as per the flow of water. In order to avoid this, we can add a timer. So that, once the pump is turned on after sensing the water, it will not get turned off until the water flow stops or the tank is full.

Circuit Diagram:


Parts Required:

Transformer : 12V, 500mA
DB1 - Bridge Rectifier W10
Capacitor: C1 = 470uF, 50V
IC U1 = 7812
Resistor: (All 1/4W)
R1, R2,R3,R5 = 4.7K
R4 = 3.3K
2 Pin PCB Mount Terminal Connectors:
Power
OHT
Sump
INP (optional)
OUT (optional)
Diode:
D1,D2,D3 = IN4007
Transistor:
Q1 = 2N2222
Relay
RY1 = 12V,40A

Board 2 contains four LEDs of different colours.


Connection Diagram:

Sump & OHT Water Level Controller Connection Details | KJMIndia.in

Circuit Diagram Without Transistor:

coming soon...

COMMENTS

BLOGGER
Amazon Affiliate Disclaimer:The owner of this website(kitszone.com) is a participant in the Amazon India Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.in.
Name

Alarm circuit,5,Audio Amplifier Circuit,1,Audio Circuit,2,charger circuit,3,connection details,1,Controller circuit,6,Emergency Light Circuit,2,Indicator Circuit,11,Inverter Circuit,1,LED Circuit,5,Multivibrator Circuits,1,Power supply,1,Rectifier Circuit,1,timer circuit,1,
ltr
item
Simple Electronic Circuits: Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based
Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based
Automatic water level controller circuit with dry run protection for sump and overhead tank using single npn transistor and ball type float switch.
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-3ltw6M6Bz88/YCVF16F2nZI/AAAAAAAAB4Q/_5kqFxU0jg4DY_V0ZofTSrV6OAmbPLUdwCPcBGAYYCw/w320-h320/sump-oht-water-level-controller-kjmindia.in-circuit-board.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-3ltw6M6Bz88/YCVF16F2nZI/AAAAAAAAB4Q/_5kqFxU0jg4DY_V0ZofTSrV6OAmbPLUdwCPcBGAYYCw/s72-w320-c-h320/sump-oht-water-level-controller-kjmindia.in-circuit-board.jpg
Simple Electronic Circuits
https://www.kitszone.com/2020/12/automatic-water-level-controller.html
https://www.kitszone.com/
https://www.kitszone.com/
https://www.kitszone.com/2020/12/automatic-water-level-controller.html
true
4078171261878103471
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content