Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based

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Automatic water level controller circuit with dry run protection for sump and overhead tank using single npn transistor and ball type float switch.

     Circuit Sponsor: kjmindia.in

Water level controller is necessary for many reasons. Water level can be monitored and controlled automatically without any human intervention. Thus it saves water wastage, electricity and time. This can be used both in industries and houses. The circuit I am going to share in this post controls water level in the overhead tank or any tank. Can be used in tanks of any liquids (eg.oil) provided it should not be hot. The cost of making this circuit is very low and can be assembled on a general purpose board if you are using it for your personal use. For commercial purpose, you can buy one from here.





Sump & OHT Water Level Controller board | KJMIndia.in



Working of the circuit:

This circuit is controlled by a single NPN transistor with the help of two cable float switches. It will constantly monitor both the level of sump and overhead tank and protects the motor pump from dry run. The unregulated DC voltage from the transformer is regulated by the voltage regulator Ic. Choosing the best quality cable float switches is very important. Float switches consists of three terminals but, here in this circuit, we are going to use only two terminals from both float switches. Black wire is labeled as C, blue wire is labeled as BLU and brown wire is labeled BRO. Overhead tank uses black and blue wire of the float switch and Sump uses black and brown wire of the float switch.Terminal blocks for input(INP) and output(OUT)  are optional because we can directly connect it to the terminals of the 40A relay.

Scenario 1:

When both tank and sump are empty,

Power LED and Yellow LED will be turned ON

Scenario 2:

When tank is empty and sump is full,

Power LED and Motor on LED will be turned ON

Scenario 3:

When both the tank and sump are full,

Power LED and Full tank LED will be turned ON

Scenario 4:

When the tank is full and sump is empty,

Power LED , Full tank LED and Sump Dry LED will be turned ON



Circuit Diagram:

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Parts Required:

Transformer : 12V, 500mA
DB1 - Bridge Rectifier W10
Capacitor: C1 = 470uF, 50V
IC U1 = 7812
Resistor: (All 1/4W)
R1, R2,R3,R5 = 4.7K
R4 = 3.3K
2 Pin PCB Mount Terminal Connectors:
Power
OHT
Sump
INP (optional)
OUT (optional)
Diode:
D1,D2,D3 = IN4007
Transistor:
Q1 = 2N2222
Relay
RY1 = 12V,40A

Board 2 contains four LEDs of different colours.

[/lock]

Connection Diagram:

Sump & OHT Water Level Controller Connection Details | KJMIndia.in


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Simple Electronic Circuits: Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based
Automatic Water Level Controller Circuit With Dry Run Protection | For Sump & Overhead Tank | Transistor Based
Automatic water level controller circuit with dry run protection for sump and overhead tank using single npn transistor and ball type float switch.
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